Order of the Red Banner

                                                                                    

The Order of the Red Banner is the oldest order of the USSR having been established in 1918.  The red banner of the order has the slogan "Workers of the world unite" on it. The order was issued to individuals who exhibited courage in defense of the USSR.  The order has gone through several styles in its long history.   Initially the order was manufactured with a screw backing; however, this was changed to a five-sided suspension with a unique ribbon in 1943.

Only 20,000 orders were issued prior to WW II. By the end of the war, approximately 300,00 orders had been issued, and by the collapse of the USSR in 1991, a total of 581,000 had been awarded. The Comprehensive Guide to Soviet Orders and Medals, Paul McDaniel and Paul J. Schmitt. 

The Order of the Red Banner has been issued in three variations.

First Variation:

Initially the order was manufactured without a ribbon and was attached with a screw and screw plate.
     

                                      

The Order above, No. 77291 is the pre-1943 screw version that was awarded to a Russian soldier during the Russo-Finnish War of 1939-40.  He crawled into the Finnish positions and brought back a Finn for interrogation. 

Second Variation:

The Order of the Red Banner was converted, in 1943, to a five-sided attachment with a distinctive ribbon that was attached by a spring pin in the back as shown below.

                         

                                                      
       
Third Variation:

The third variation of the Order shows the number of Orders of the Red Banner the recipient has received.  The Order below shows that the recipient has received two Orders.

                                                         


Metal content   .062 grams of gold     22.7 grams of silver

Serial number:                 26,495          62,568        524,000*

Year of issue:                     1941            1943             1967 

* Part of set with Red Star.


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